8 Flipped Classroom Models

Flipped classrooms can be divided into the following subtypes depending on the variation in the distribution of study material, use of classroom time, or type of students:

Standard Inverted Classroom

It is the classic flipped classroom. The learners are asked to go through the lecture videos and other study material that are prerequisites for the next set of classes. Usually, most of the topic are converted into video lectures. The class time is reserved for practicing the concepts studied at home and to improve the student's understanding in various ways, like a one-to-one interaction with the teacher.

Micro Flipped Classroom

In this type of classroom, short videos lectures are distributed as study material along with the short assignments. The rest of the lecture and assignments are conducted at the time of classroom time.

Discussion-Oriented Flipped Classroom

Usually in this homework is assigned in the form of video lectures and external video resources. Discussions happen in the classroom time where are the topics are explored further. Having studied the basics, students can add value to the discussion.

Demonstration-Based Flipped Classroom

Subjects like Chemistry, Maths, Physics, etc., require some careful instructions to deliver content. For example, precision is a key in a subject like geometry. In demo-based classrooms, screen recording tools are used to create instructional videos assigned as homework. Instead of doing this in the classroom, students can go back and forth in the video to understand concepts fully and come back to the classroom for the doubt removal.

Faux-Flipped Classroom

This is a specific model targeting young learners. The aim is to replace the homework with instructional lecture videos and some other resources. When students come back to the classroom, one-to-one guidance support is provided by the teacher.

Group-Based Flipped Classroom

The group-based model focuses on group learning. After the students have studied the material provided, they work together on assignments at the time of the classroom. The students learn by explaining the concepts to each other, which improves retention.

Virtual Flipped Classroom

Classroom time for tutoring is completely eliminated in this model. Educators, like university professors, share all the resources and allocate for individual sessions during office hours. Assignments are collected online through learning management systems.

Role-Reversal 2.0 (Flipping the Teacher)

We know that flipped classrooms usually have students as the center point of learning as opposed to having the educators as the focal point of information dissemination.

The role reversal concept is to flip the teacher. Here the students are also asked to create videos demonstrating their understanding. Students can easily film their group activities or can film themselves. The teacher can assess their progress in the subject via these videos. A main advantage of this format is that these videos build a repository of references that can be used in future classes.

Chandan Kumar
New Delhi